Study in Slovakia Study in Slovakia Study in Slovakia

General principles

Legislation
The study at the higher education institutions in the Slovak Republic is governed by the Act on higher education. Pursuant to the transition provisions of the Act on higher education, higher education institutions can enrol students only to the accredited study programs that are pursued on the basis of the credit system.

The study at a higher education institution
Every citizen, including foreign nationals, has the right to study at a higher education institution in the elected study program, provided he or she meets the basic admission conditions under Section 56, and other conditions as laid down by the higher education institution offering the relevant study program, under Section 57 paragraph 1. The study programs are implemented at three levels: Study programs may combine the first two levels of higher education in one complex. (Section 53 paragraphs 3). The study program of first level includes the Bachelor's–degree study programs. The study programs of second level and the study programs combining the first two levels of higher education (hereinafter referred to as “combined study program) include Master-degree study program, engineer's degree study program and the doctor's degree study program. The PhD-degree study program is a third-level study program.

Study admission requirements
The basic admission conditions for a bachelor-degree program or to a combined study program is the completion of the upper-level of secondary education or secondary vocation education (i.e. secondary education finished with a school leaving examination). The basic admission condition for a second -level study program is the completion of a first-level study program (bachelor). The basic admission condition for a PhD program is the completion of a second-level study program or a combined study program (master, engineer or doctor).

Study form and standard length of study
The study program can have a full-time or part-time (external) form. The standard duration of study in a bachelor’s study program, including practice, is minimum three and maximum four years. The standard duration of study in a second-level study program, including practice, is minimum one and maximum three years, so as to make the total standard duration of study in a first-level study program and the subsequent second-level study program, in the same or related course of study, at least five years. The standard duration of study for the study programs combining the first and second levels of higher education is minimum four and maximum six years. The standard duration of study for a PhD program, in the full-time form, is minimum three and maximum four years, and, in part-time (external) form, maximum five years.

Study method
A full-time or a part-time study program can be pursued using a presence method, a distance method, or a combined method of learning. The presence method of learning consists in the teaching involving direct contact between the teacher and the student. Full-time study programs are held using the presence method. The distance method substitutes the direct teacher-student contact with a computer network-based communication. Many part-time (external) study programs are organised using the distance method of learning.

Study completion
A final thesis is an integral part of study in each study program, its defence constituting one of the state examinations. The final work of a study in a bachelor's study program, is the bachelor thesis, the final work of a study in a second-level or a combined study program, is the diploma thesis; its defence being one the state examinations. The prerequisites for the completion of a PhD study include taking the dissertation examination, which is one of the state examinations, and the defence of the dissertation.

Titles
Graduates of the bachelor study are granted academic title "Bachelor", abbreviation "Bc". Graduates of the master study are granted academic title "Master", abbreviation "Mgr.", within art study programs academic title "Master of Art", abbreviation "Mgr. art.". Graduates of the engineering study are granted academic title "Engineer", abbreviation "Ing.", in area of architecture and urbanism academic title "Engineer Architect ", abbreviation "Ing. arch.". Graduates of the doctoral study in area of human medicine are granted academic title "Doctor of General Medicine", abbreviation "MUDr.", in area of human dentistry are granted academic title "Doctor of Dentistry", abbreviation "MDDr.", in are of zoopharmacy are granted academic title "Doctor of Zoopharmacy", abbreviation "MVDr.". Graduates of the study programs that obtained academic title „Master“ are entitled to accomplish rigorous exam including also dissertation of the rigorous thesis in study field they have obtained university education or in similar study field. After its accomplishment they are granted following academic title by the universities:

  • in natural science study programs "Doctor of Natural Sciences", abbreviation "RNDr.",
  • in pharmaceutical study fields "Doctor of Pharmacy", abbreviation "PharmDr.",
  • in human and art sciences study programs "Doctor of Philosophy", abbreviation "PhDr.",
  • in juridical study programs "Doctor of Laws", abbreviation "JUDr.",
  • in teacher study programs and physical education study programs "Doctor of Pedagogy", abbreviation "PaedDr.",
  • in theological study programs besides study programs in area of catholic theology "Doctor of Theology", abbreviation "ThDr.".

Graduates of the graduate study are granted academic title "Doctor", abbreviation "PhD.". Graduates of the art graduate study programs are granted academic title "Doctor or Art", abbreviation "ArtD.". Graduates in area of catholic theology are granted title „License of Theology“, abbreviation „ThLic“ after completion of the first integrated part of the graduate study. Graduates of the graduate study in this are also granted title "Doctor of Theology", abbreviation "ThDr.".

Study field
The course of study is an area of knowledge that can be an object of higher education in one of its three levels. The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the SR issues and administers a system of courses of study of the Slovak Republic. The Slovak Republic' s System of Courses of Study includes those course of study in which higher education institutions of the Slovak Republic can offer higher education.

Study program
A higher education in a course of study or a combination of courses of study shall be acquired by study according to the accredited study program in this course of study, or a combination of courses of study. The study program can be pursued in a course of study that is part of the system of courses of study. A study program can also be pursued in a combination of two courses of study. The study program, in which the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport , Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic granted the higher education institution the right to confer the relevant academic degree, is an accredited program. 

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